University of Mississippi Medical Center's adult emergency department (ED) is the only Level I trauma center in Mississippi. The ED treats about 65,000 adult patients annually, which is the highest emergency department volume in the state.
Additionally, emergency medicine care services also coordinate emergency room referrals to University of Mississippi Medical Center and the University Physicians' network of specialists and care providers.
As part of the state's only academic medical center, the UMMC emergency department offers high-quality emergency medical and trauma care to the people of Mississippi, outstanding training to medical residents and medical students and state-of-the-art clinical research in emergency medicine. The care team includes 18 physicians who are board certified in emergency medicine or are board eligible.
UMMC and its emergency care department passed a rigorous accreditation evaluation by the Society of Chest Pain Centers as part of the international organization's effort to eliminate heart disease as the No. 1 cause of death worldwide. The status acknowledges UMMC's outstanding efforts as a chest pain center with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
The accreditation recognizes UMMC's ability to assess, diagnose and treat patients who may be experiencing a heart attack. Criteria included:
- Reducing the time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis and treatment.
- Treating patients more quickly during the critical window of time when the heart muscle can be preserved.
- Monitoring patients to determine if they are having a heart attack, ensuring they are not sent home too quickly or needlessly admitted to the hospital.
UMMC's emergency facilities also have received full heart failure accreditation from the SCPC. Heart failure is a leading cause of disability and death in the United States. Approximately 5 million in the United States have heart failure, according to the international non-profit chest pain organization.
Accreditation recognizes UMMC's ability to assess, diagnose and treat heart failure patients. Criteria includes:
- Emergency assessment and diagnosis of patients with symptoms of acute decompensated heart failure.
- Discharge criteria from the emergency depeartment, observation stay or inpatient stay.
- Heart failure education for patients and community outreach.
The emergency medicine department also serves as medical control for the Central Mississippi Emergency Medical Services District, which provides medical oversight and support for ambulance services across the state. The central district, the largest EMS district in the state, covers 19 counties and 350,000 Mississippians.